There are various electronic skin attachments which measure vital signs for the wearers. However, a team from the Seoul National University has worked to develop lightweight, flexible electronic skin patch which can not only make diagnoses, but also provide the patient with drug therapy. The target test group so far has been patients with motion-related neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s disease or epilepsy. The patch adheres to the skin and measures muscle movements to detect tremors. The recorded data then triggers the release of medication if necessary.
The patch is made entirely of nanomaterials: gold nanoparticles for RAM data storage, silicon nanomembranes for mention detecting and silica nanoparticles loaded with drug therapy. The patch measures 4 centimeters by 2 centimeters and is only 0.003 millimeters thick. The result is a completely flexible and thin patch which bends and moves with the skin. The only caveat so far is finding a remote power source that is as thin and wearable as the patch itself; as of now the patch needs to be connected to a power supply and data transmitter in order to work. However, as research continues, the developers are hoping that this could revolutionize the way in which patients with neurological disorders are diagnosed and treated.